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3. The Form View »

« 1. Installation

2. Creating an Admin

You’ve been able to get the admin interface working in the previous chapter. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to tell SonataAdmin how an admin can manage your models.

2.1. Step 0: Create a Model

For the rest of the tutorial, you’ll need some sort of model. In this tutorial, two very simple Post and Tag entities will be used. Generate them by using these commands:

$ php bin/console doctrine:generate:entity --entity="AppBundle:Category" --fields="name:string(255)" --no-interaction
$ php bin/console doctrine:generate:entity --entity="AppBundle:BlogPost" --fields="title:string(255) body:text draft:boolean" --no-interaction

After this, you’ll need to tweak the entities a bit:

// src/AppBundle/Entity/BlogPost.php

// ...
class BlogPost
{
    // ...

    /**
     * @ORM\ManyToOne(targetEntity="Category", inversedBy="blogPosts")
     */
    private $category;

    public function setCategory(Category $category)
    {
        $this->category = $category;
    }

    public function getCategory()
    {
        return $this->category;
    }

    // ...
}

Set the default value to false.

// src/AppBundle/Entity/BlogPost.php

// ...
class BlogPost
{
    // ...

    /**
     * @var bool
     *
     * @ORM\Column(name="draft", type="boolean")
     */
    private $draft = false;

    // ...
}
// src/AppBundle/Entity/Category.php

// ...
use Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection;
// ...

class Category
{
    // ...

    /**
    * @ORM\OneToMany(targetEntity="BlogPost", mappedBy="category")
    */
    private $blogPosts;

    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->blogPosts = new ArrayCollection();
    }

    public function getBlogPosts()
    {
        return $this->blogPosts;
    }

    // ...
}

After this, create the schema for these entities:

$ php bin/console doctrine:schema:create

Note

This article assumes you have basic knowledge of the Doctrine2 ORM and you’ve set up a database correctly.

2.2. Step 1: Create an Admin Class

SonataAdminBundle helps you manage your data using a graphical interface that will let you create, update or search your model instances. The bundle relies on Admin classes to know which models will be managed and how these actions will look like.

An Admin class decides which fields to show on a listing, which fields are used to find entries and how the create form will look like. Each model will have its own Admin class.

Knowing this, let’s create an Admin class for the Category entity. The easiest way to do this is by extending Sonata\AdminBundle\Admin\AbstractAdmin.

// src/AppBundle/Admin/CategoryAdmin.php
namespace AppBundle\Admin;

use Sonata\AdminBundle\Admin\AbstractAdmin;
use Sonata\AdminBundle\Datagrid\ListMapper;
use Sonata\AdminBundle\Datagrid\DatagridMapper;
use Sonata\AdminBundle\Form\FormMapper;

class CategoryAdmin extends AbstractAdmin
{
    protected function configureFormFields(FormMapper $formMapper)
    {
        $formMapper->add('name', 'text');
    }

    protected function configureDatagridFilters(DatagridMapper $datagridMapper)
    {
        $datagridMapper->add('name');
    }

    protected function configureListFields(ListMapper $listMapper)
    {
        $listMapper->addIdentifier('name');
    }
}

So, what does this code do?

  • Line 11-14: These lines configure which fields are displayed on the edit and create actions. The FormMapper behaves similar to the FormBuilder of the Symfony Form component;
  • Line 16-19: This method configures the filters, used to filter and sort the list of models;
  • Line 21-24: Here you specify which fields are shown when all models are listed (the addIdentifier() method means that this field will link to the show/edit page of this particular model).

This is the most basic example of the Admin class. You can configure a lot more with the Admin class. This will be covered by other, more advanced, articles.

2.3. Step 3: Register the Admin class

You’ve now created an Admin class, but there is currently no way for the SonataAdminBundle to know that this Admin class exists. To tell the SonataAdminBundle of the existence of this Admin class, you have to create a service and tag it with the sonata.admin tag:

# app/config/services.yml

services:
    # ...
    admin.category:
        class: AppBundle\Admin\CategoryAdmin
        arguments: [~, AppBundle\Entity\Category, ~]
        tags:
            - { name: sonata.admin, manager_type: orm, label: Category }
        public: true

The constructor of the base Admin class has many arguments. SonataAdminBundle provides a compiler pass which takes care of configuring it correctly for you. You can often tweak things using tag attributes. The code shown here is the shortest code needed to get it working.

2.4. Step 4: Register SonataAdmin custom Routes

SonataAdminBundle generates routes for the Admin classes on the fly. To load these routes, you have to make sure the routing loader of the SonataAdminBundle is executed:

# app/config/routing.yml

# ...
_sonata_admin:
    resource: .
    type: sonata_admin
    prefix: /admin

2.5. View the Category Admin Interface

Now you’ve created the admin class for your category, you probably want to know how this looks like in the admin interface. Well, let’s find out by going to http://localhost:8000/admin

../_images/getting_started_category_dashboard.png

Feel free to play around and add some categories, like “Symfony” and “Sonata Project”. In the next chapters, you’ll create an admin for the BlogPost entity and learn more about this class.

Tip

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